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Nursing Assessment Nursing Care Plan for Pneumonia

Nursing Care Plan for Pneumonia


Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs which is usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Prior to the discovery of antibiotics, one-third of all people who developed pneumonia subsequently died from the infection. Currently, over 3 million people develop pneumonia each year in the United States. Over a half a million of these people are admitted to a hospital for treatment. Although most of these people recover, approximately 5% will die from pneumonia. Pneumonia is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Nursing Care Plan for Pneumonia

Nursing Assessment for Pneumonia
  1. Health History :
    • A history of previous respiratory tract infection / cough, runny nose, takhipnea, fever.
    • Anorexia, difficulty swallowing, vomiting.
    • History of disease associated with immunity, such as; morbili, pertussis, malnutrition, immunosuppression.
    • Other family members who suffered respiratory illness.
    • Productive cough, breathing nostrils, rapid and shallow breathing, restlessness, cyanosis.

  2. Physical Examination :
    • Fever, takhipnea, cyanosis, nostrils.
    • Auscultation of lung: wet ronchi, stridor.
    • Laboratory: leukocytosis, AGD abnormal, the LED increases.
    • Chest X-rays: abnormal (scattered patches of consolidation in both lungs).

  3. Psychosocial Factors :
    • Age, growth.
    • Tolerance / ability to understand the action.
    • Coping.
    • The experience of parting with the family / parents.
    • The experience of previous respiratory tract infections.

  4. Family Knowledge, Psychosocial :
    • The level family knowledge about the disease bronchopneumonia.
    • Experience in dealing with the family of respiratory disease.
    • Readiness / willingness of families to learn to care for her child.
    • Family Coping
    • The level of anxiety.

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