Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs which is usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Prior to the discovery of antibiotics, one-third of all people who developed pneumonia subsequently died from the infection. Currently, over 3 million people develop pneumonia each year in the United States. Over a half a million of these people are admitted to a hospital for treatment. Although most of these people recover, approximately 5% will die from pneumonia. Pneumonia is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.
Nursing Care Plan for Pneumonia
Nursing Assessment for Pneumonia
- Health History :
- A history of previous respiratory tract infection / cough, runny nose, takhipnea, fever.
- Anorexia, difficulty swallowing, vomiting.
- History of disease associated with immunity, such as; morbili, pertussis, malnutrition, immunosuppression.
- Other family members who suffered respiratory illness.
- Productive cough, breathing nostrils, rapid and shallow breathing, restlessness, cyanosis.
- Physical Examination :
- Fever, takhipnea, cyanosis, nostrils.
- Auscultation of lung: wet ronchi, stridor.
- Laboratory: leukocytosis, AGD abnormal, the LED increases.
- Chest X-rays: abnormal (scattered patches of consolidation in both lungs).
- Psychosocial Factors :
- Age, growth.
- Tolerance / ability to understand the action.
- The experience of parting with the family / parents.
- The experience of previous respiratory tract infections.
- Family Knowledge, Psychosocial :
- The level family knowledge about the disease bronchopneumonia.
- Experience in dealing with the family of respiratory disease.
- Readiness / willingness of families to learn to care for her child.
- Family Coping
- The level of anxiety.