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Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Mental Retardation

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Mental Retardation

1. Delayed Growth and Development r / t abnormalities in cognitive function.

Goal: Growth and development goes according to stages.

Interventions :
  • Assess the factors causing developmental disorders of children.
  • Identification and use of educational resources to facilitate optimal child development.
  • Provide stimulation activities, according to age.
  • Monitor the patterns of growth (height, weight, head circumference and refer to a dietitian to obtain nutritional intervention)

2. Impaired Verbal Communication r / t delayed language skills of expression and reception.

Goal: Communication fulfilled in accordance stages of child development.

  • Improve communication verbal and tactile stimulation.
  • Give repetitive and simple instructions.
  • Give enough time to communicate.
  • Encourage continuous communication with the outside world, for example: newspapers, television, radio, calendar, clock.

3. Risk for Injury r / t aggressive behavior / uncontrolled motor coordination.

Goal: Indicates changes in behavior, lifestyle to reduce risk factors and to protect themselves from injury.

  • Provide a safe and comfortable position.
  • Difficult child behavior management.
  • Limit excessive activity.
  • Ambulate with assistance; give special bathroom.

4. Impaired social interaction r / t trouble speaking / social adaptation difficulties

Goal: Minimize disruption of social interaction.

  • Help children identify personal strengths.
  • Give knowledge to people nearby, about mental retardation.
  • Encourage children to participate in activities with friends and other family.
  • Encourage the children to maintain contact with friends.
  • Give positive reinforcement on the results achieved by children.

5. Family processes, Interrupted r / t have children mental retardation.

Goal: Family show an understanding of the child's illness and its treatment

  • Assess understanding family about the child's illness and treatment plan.
  • Emphasize and explain other health team, about the child's condition, procedures and therapies are recommended.
  • Use every opportunity to improve understanding of the disease and its treatment family
  • Repeat as often as possible information.

6. Self-care deficit r / t the physical and mental incompetence / lack of maturity development.

Goal: Perform self-care, appropriate age and developmental level of the child.

  • Identification of the need for personal hygiene and provide assistance as needed.
  • Identification of difficulties in self-care, such as lack of physical movement, cognitive decline.
  • Encourage children to do their own maintenance.

Education for parents:
  • For each stage of child development ages.
  • Support the involvement of parents in child care.
  • Anticipatory guidance and management face a difficult child behavior.
  • Inform the existing educational facilities and groups, etc.

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